A research study (also known as a clinical trial) is a study in which people volunteer to test a new medical treatment. By conducting research studies, we learn whether new medications are safe and effective. Also, currently approved medications may undergo testing for the treatment of new indications. Research studies are needed to develop new medications for many conditions, including: high blood pressure, arthritis, migraines, reflux, diabetes, insomnia, Alzheimer’s, etc. Once a new drug is found to be safe and effective, it may be approved by the FDA for doctors to prescribe.